Learn the 5 main uses of the Present Perfect Simple!
Many languages have a past tense to refer to past time, and a present tense to refer to present time.
English has these, too, but it also has the present perfect tense, which related past actions to the present.
For many English learners, it is difficult to understand the present perfect tense because it doesn’t exist in many other languages.
Because of this, we will go through 5 examples when you should use the present perfect tense and NOT the past simple tense.
We will go through 5 examples of the present perfect simple and past simple explained, looking at the use of each!
Watch the video lesson to learn the 5 uses of the Present Perfect Simple Tense
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Below you will find the full lesson notes from the video lesson…
Uses of the present perfect simple…
- Today I’m going for coffee with Julie. I have known her for 10 years already!
We use present perfect because it’s an unfinished action – it started in the past, but it is still happening in the present – past and present are connected. Also, time expression “already” signals present perfect should be used. We are not using past
- I have lost my keys and now I can’t get into my apartment
Here we use present perfect with a finished action in the past
- I have never been to Paris.
Here we use present perfect because it signals an unfinished action. It is connected with the present – so the person never in his life in his past has been to Paris, but that is still true in the present. Because of the connection with the
- They have eaten Thai food.
The action again refers to
- I have just phoned
If there is an action that has just happened, we use present perfect.
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